3. Publication

Please cite when using CWatM

Burek, P., Satoh, Y., Kahil, T., Tang, T., Greve, P., Smilovic, M., Guillaumot, L., Zhao, F., and Wada, Y.: Development of the Community Water Model (CWatM v1.04) - a high-resolution hydrological model for global and regional assessment of integrated water resources management, Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 3267–3298, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-3267-2020, 2020.

Link to paper in Geoscientific Model Development

Manual of CWatM (version 1.05, October 2020)

Burek, P., Smilovic, M., Guillaumot, L., de Bruijn, J., Greve, P., Satoh, Y., Islaam, A., Virgen-Urcelay, A., Tang, T., Kahil, T., and Wada, Y.: Community Water Model CWatM Manual, Laxenburg, Austria, IIASA Report, 2020.

Link to manual

Publication using CWatM

  1. de Bruijn, J. , Smilovic, M. , Burek, P. , Guillaumot, L. , Wada, Y. , & Aerts, J.C.J.H. (2023). GEB v0.1: a large-scale agent-based socio-hydrological model – simulating 10 million individual farming households in a fully distributed hydrological model. Geoscientific Model Development 16 (9) 2437-2454. 10.5194/gmd-16-2437-2023.

  2. Valencia, R., Guillaumot, L. , Sahu, R.K. , Nam, C., Lierhammer, L., & Máñez Costa, M. (2023). An assessment of water management measures for climate change adaptation of agriculture in Seewinkel. Science of the Total Environment 885 e163906. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.163906.

  3. Kallio, M., Guillaume, J.H.A., Burek, P. , Tramberend, S. , Smilovic, M. , Horton, A.J., & Virrantaus, K. (2022). Unpacking dasymetric modelling to correct spatial bias in environmental model outputs. Environmental Modelling & Software 157 e105511. 10.1016/j.envsoft.2022.105511.

  4. Guillaumot, L. , Smilovic, M. , Burek, P. , de Bruijn, J. , Greve, P., Kahil, T. , & Wada, Y. (2022). Coupling a large-scale hydrological model (CWatM v1.1) with a high-resolution groundwater flow model (MODFLOW 6) to assess the impact of irrigation at regional scale. Geoscientific Model Development 15 (18) 7099-7120. 10.5194/gmd-15-7099-2022.

  5. Satoh, Y., Yoshimura, K., Pokhrel, Y., Kim, H., Shiogama, H., Yokohata, T., Hanasaki, N., Wada, Y. , Burek, P. , Byers, E. , Müller Schmied, H., Gerten, D., Ostberg, S., Gosling, S.N., Boulange, J.E.S., & Oki, T. (2022). The timing of unprecedented hydrological drought under climate change. Nature Communications 13 (1) e3287. 10.1038/s41467-022-30729-2.

  6. Okaali, D.A., Kroeze, C., Medema, G., Burek, P. , Murphy, H., Tumwebaze, I.K., Rose, J.B., Verbyla, M.E., Sewagudde, S., & Hofstra, N. (2021). Modelling rotavirus concentrations in rivers: Assessing Uganda’s present and future microbial water quality. Water Research 204 e117615. 10.1016/j.watres.2021.117615.

  7. Telteu, C.-E., Müller Schmied, H., Thiery, W., Leng, G., Burek, P. , Liu, D., Boulange, J., Andersen, L., Grillakis, M., Gosling, S., Satoh, Y., Rakovec, O., Stacke, T., Chang, J., Wanders, N., Shah, H., Trautmann, T., Mao, G., Hanasaki, N., Koutroulis, A., Pokhrel, Y., Samaniego, L., Wada, Y. , Mishra, V., Liu, J., Döll, P., Zhao, F., Gädeke, A., Rabin, S., & Herz, F. (2021). Understanding each other’s models: an introduction and a standard representation of 16 global water models to support intercomparison, improvement, and communication. Geoscientific Model Development 14 (6) 3843-3878. 10.5194/gmd-14-3843-2021.

  8. Vinca, A. , Parkinson, S. , Byers, E. , Burek, P. , Khan, Z., Krey, V. , Diuana, F., Wang, Y., Ilyas, A., Köberle, A.C., Staffel, I., Pfenninger, S., Muhammad, A., Rowe, A., Schaeffer, R., Rao, N. , Wada, Y. , Dhilali, N., & Riahi, K. (2019). The Nexus Solutions Tool (NEST): An open platform for optimizing multi-scale energy-water-land system transformations. Geoscientific Model Development Discussions 13 (3) 1095-1121. 10.5194/gmd-2019-134

  9. Pokhrel, Y., Felfelani, F., Satoh, Y., Boulange, J., Burek, P. , Gädeke, A., Gerten, D., Gosling, S.N., Grillakis, M., Gudmundsson, L., Hanasaki, N., Kim, H., Koutroulis, A., Liu, J., Papadimitriou, L., Schewe, J., Müller Schmied, H., Stacke, T., Telteu, C.-E., Thiery, W., Veldkamp, T., Zhao, F., & Wada, Y. (2021). Global terrestrial water storage and drought severity under climate change. Nature Climate Change 11 226-233. 10.1038/s41558-020-00972-w.

  10. Boulange, J., Hanasaki, N., Satoh, Y., Yokohata, T., Shiogama, H., Burek, P. , Thiery, W., Gerten, D., Müller Schmied, H., Wada, Y. , Gosling, S.N., Pokhrel, Y., & Wanders, N. (2021). Validity of estimating flood and drought characteristics under equilibrium climates from transient simulations. Environmental Research Letters 16 (10) e104028. 10.1088/1748-9326/ac27cc.

  11. Reinecke, R., Müller Schmied, H., Trautmann, T., Andersen, L.S., Burek, P. , Flörke, M., Gosling, S.N., Grillakis, M., Hanasaki, N., Koutroulis, A., Pokhrel, Y., Thiery, W., Wada, Y. , Satoh, Y., & Döll, P. (2021). Uncertainty of simulated groundwater recharge at different global warming levels: a global-scale multi-model ensemble study. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 25 (2) 787-810. 10.5194/hess-25-787-2021.

  12. Satoh, Y., Shiogama, H., Hanasaki, N., Pokhrel, Y., Boulange, J.E.S., Burek, P. , Gosling, S.N., Grillakis, M., Koutroulis, A., Müller Schmied, H., Thiery, W., & Yokohata, T. (2021). A quantitative evaluation of the issue of drought definition: a source of disagreement in future drought assessments. Environmental Research Letters 16 (10) e104001. 10.1088/1748-9326/ac2348.

  13. Tramberend, S. , Burtscher, R. , Burek, P. , Kahil, T. , Fischer, G., Mochizuki, J. , Greve, P., Kimwaga, R., Nyenje, P., Ondiek, R., Nakawuka, P., Hyandye, C., Sibomana, C., Luoga, H.P., Matano, A.S., Langan, S. , & Wada, Y. (2021). Co-development of East African regional water scenarios for 2050. One Earth 4 (3) 434-447. 10.1016/j.oneear.2021.02.012.

  14. Long, D., Yang, W., Scanlon, B.R., Zhao, J., Liu, D., Burek, P. , Pan, Y., You, L., & Wada, Y. (2020). South-to-North Water Diversion stabilizing Beijing’s groundwater levels. Nature Communications 11 (1) 10.1038/s41467-020-17428-6.

  15. Greve, P., Burek, P. , & Wada, Y. (2020). Using the Budyko Framework for Calibrating a Global Hydrological Model. Water Resources Research 56 (6) 10.1029/2019WR026280.

  16. Wang, M., M. Strokal, P. Burek, C. Kroeze, L. Ma and A. B. G. Janssen (2019). “Excess nutrient loads to Lake Taihu: Opportunities for nutrient reduction.” Science of the Total Environment 664: 865-873.

  17. Wang, M., T. Tang, P. Burek, P. Havlík, T. Krisztin, C. Kroeze, D. Leclère, M. Strokal, Y. Wada, Y. Wang and S. Langan (2019). “Increasing nitrogen export to sea: A scenario analysis for the Indus River.” Science of The Total Environment: 133629.

  18. He, X., Feng, K., Li, X., Craft, A., Wada, Y. , Burek, P. , Wood, E., & Sheffield, J. (2019). Solar and wind energy enhances drought resilience and groundwater sustainability. Nature Communications 10 e4893. 10.1038/s41467-019-12810-5 [Add to Citavi project by DOI] .

Additional selected publications

  1. Burek, P., Y. Satoh, G. Fischer, M. T. Kahil, A. Scherzer, S. Tramberend, L. F. Nava, Y. Wada, S. Eisner, M. Flörke, N. Hanasaki, P. Magnuszewski, B. Cosgrove, D. Wiberg and A. P. D. W. Bill Cosgrove (2016). Water Futures and Solution - Fast Track Initiative (Final Report). IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.

  2. Greve, P., L. Gudmundsson, B. Orlowsky and S. I. Seneviratne (2016). “A two-parameter Budyko function to represent conditions under which evapotranspiration exceeds precipitation.” Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 20(6): 2195-2205.

  3. Kahil, M. T., S. Parkinson, Y. Satoh, P. Greve, P. Burek, T. I. E. Veldkamp, R. Burtscher, E. Byers, N. Djilali, G. Fischer, V. Krey, S. Langan, K. Riahi, S. Tramberend and Y. Wada (2018). “A Continental-Scale Hydroeconomic Model for Integrating Water-Energy-Land Nexus Solutions.” Water Resources Research 54(10): 7511-7533.

  4. Satoh, Y., T. Kahil, E. Byers, P. Burek, G. Fischer, S. Tramberend, P. Greve, M. Flörke, S. Eisner, N. Hanasaki, P. Magnuszewski, L. F. Nava, W. Cosgrove, S. Langan and Y. Wada (2017). “Multi-model and multi-scenario assessments of Asian water futures: The Water Futures and Solutions (WFaS) initiative.” Earth’s Future 5(7): 823-852.

  5. Tang, T., M. Strokal, M. T. H. van Vliet, P. Seuntjens, P. Burek, C. Kroeze, S. Langan and Y. Wada (2019). “Bridging global, basin and local-scale water quality modeling towards enhancing water quality management worldwide.” Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 36: 39-48.

  6. Tramberend, S., R. Burtscher, P. Burek, T. Kahil, G. Fischer, J. Mochizuki, Y. Wada, R. Kimwaga, P. Nyenje, R. Ondiek, N. Prossie, C. Hyandye, C. Sibomana and S. Langan (2019). East Africa Future Water Scenarios to 2050. IIASA Research Report. Laxenburg, Austria, IIASA.

  7. Vinca, A., S. Parkinson, E. Byers, P. Burek, Z. Khan, V. Krey, F. A. Diuana, Y. Wang, A. Köberle, I. Staffel, S. Pfenninger, A. Muhammad, A. Rowe, R. Schaeffer, N. Rao, Y. Wada, N. Djilali and K. Riahi (2019). The Nexus Solutions Tool (NEST): An open platform for optimizing multi-scale energy-water-land system transformations.

  8. Wada, Y., M. Flörke, N. Hanasaki, S. Eisner, G. Fischer, S. Tramberend, Y. Satoh, M. T. H. van Vliet, P. Yillia, C. Ringler, P. Burek and D. Wiberg (2016). “Modeling global water use for the 21st century: the Water Futures and Solutions (WFaS) initiative and its approaches.” Geoscientific Model Development 9(1): 175-222.

  9. Wada, Y., T. Gleeson and L. Esnault (2014). “Wedge approach to water stress.” Nature Geosci 7(9): 615-617.


Research Scholars, Water Program, IIASA

CWatM started in April 2016

Leading WAT Program and group:
David Wiberg (2014-2015), Bill Cosgrove and Peter Burek (2016), Simon Langan (2016-2019), Yoshihide Wada (2019-2020), Taher Kahil (2021-)
Hydrology and Programming:
Peter Burek (2016-), Yoshihide Wada(2016-), Yusuke Satoh(2016-), Peter Greve(2017-2022), Mikhail Smilovic(2018-), Luca Guillaumot(2018-), Jens de Bruijn(2019-), Sarah Hanus (2022-), Dor Fridman (2022-), Emilio Politti (2023-)
Interface to Water Quality and Hydro-economic modeling:
Taher Kahil (2016-), Ting Tang (2018-)
Alejandra Virgen-Urcelay (2018)
Design of CWatM schematic view:
Adam Islaam (2019)
Intro video:
Junko Mochizuki (2019)
Contribution from:
Fang Zhao, East China Normal University, China
Mengu Wang, Wageningen University, The Netherlands
Wenting Yang, Tsinghua University, China
Xiaogang He, Anjuli Figueroa, Stanford University, USA